BUKIT LAWANG is a small village situated 90 kilometers northwest of medan, the capital city of north sumatra, indonesia.
bukit lawang is most famous for being a site to easily spot semi-wild orangutans near convenient tourism facilities. bukit lawang is situated at the eastern side of gunung leuser national park.
in 1973 a swiss organization set up an orangutan rehabilitation center in bukit lawang. the purpose of the center was to rehabilitate orangutans released from captivity. the rangers at the center teach the orangutan all the necessary skills to survive in the wild. after an intense period of quarantine, readjustment to the natural habitat and reintegration in the (semi-)wild population, the orangutan is released back into the jungle. all orangutans released are still monitored by the rangers and they still provide them with supplementary food at the feeding platform until they become fully self reliant. out of this project the sumatra orangutan conservation programme (socp) was founded.
in the years after the arrival of the rehabilitation centre more and more tourists found their way to bukit lawang and it became one of the most popular destinations in sumatra
a flash flood hit bukit lawang on 2 november 2003. described by witnesses as a tidal wave, the water was approximately 20 metres high, as it came crashing down the hills, wiping out everything in its path.
the disaster, which was the result of illegal logging, destroyed the local tourist resorts and had a devastating impact to the local tourism industry. around 400 houses, 3 mosques, 8 bridges, 280 kiosks and food stalls, 35 inns and guest houses were destroyed by the flood, and 239 people (5 of them tourists) were killed and around 1,400 locals lost their homes.after eight months of rebuilding, bukit lawang was re-opened again in july 2004.
for many villagers the trauma of losing family, friends and their homes has taken a long time to come to terms with. the people were facing unemployment and homelessness. it has been a long road to recovery and an especially hard task to rebuild a town with only limited financial assistance from the government. however the people in bukit lawang are survivors and the new village is taking shape and more and more businesses are opening again.
especially the young generation is hoping to rebuild the village in more sustainable way than before and they are very aware of the importance of preservation of the fragile eco system they live in. they can use all the support they can get and the income of tourism will help them in realizing their ideas for a brighter future for bukit lawang. so what are you waiting for, finish reading this page, pack your bags and get on your way for your jungle adventure! (source : wikitravel.org)